Diabetes is a chronic disease where insulin is no longer produced or no longer produced in sufficient quantities, resulting in elevated blood sugar levels. This can cause a number of complications in the feet most notably damage to the small nerve endings or blood supply of the feet.
Damage to the small nerve endings can lead to neuropathy which causes a loss of sensation in the feet so you may be unable to detect injury. You may also experience numbness, tingling or a burning sensation in the feet.
A reduction in the blood supply to the feet can cause cramps in the legs. It will also delay healing and make people with diabetes more prone to infection following any cut or wound in the skin.
If you have diabetes it is important to see a podiatrist. Diabetics who have nerve damage, poor circulation, and neglect their feet are more likely to develop serious foot problems like ulcers, infections and risk amputation.
To prevent diabetic foot problems people with diabetes should: